Newcastle boasts many architecturally amazing buildings throughout the city, both modern and heritage. Below are few key architectural delights the city has to offer that can be explored on foot, or alternatively jump aboard Newcastle's Famous Tram to see the sights with commentary along the way.

The Cathedral 

The Christ Church Cathedral dates back to the early 1800s and is the highest point of the Newcastle sky line. The Cathedral survived both the shelling of Newcastle during the second world war and the Newcastle earthquake of 1989. The Cathedral itself was built with the best of materials available at the time of construction, and to this day remains one of the most beautiful architectural buildings in Newcastle. Read more about the Cathedral's history here.

Jesmond House 

Sitting opposite King Edward Park on The Hill, Jesmond House was built in the 1870s in the Victorian classical revival style by Henry Rouse. Mostly recently the building was sold in 2008 for $7 million. 

Fort Scratchley 

Opened in 1882, Fort Scratchley sits in a commanding position atop flagstaff hill in Newcastle city centre. It is the only coastal fort in Australia to have been active during a time of war, with guns fired from Fort Scratchely in 1942, during the shelling of Newcastle by a Japanese Submarine. Today it is a museum and a popular tourist attraction with spectacular views across the Newcastle Harbour. Read more about the Fort's history here.

The Lock Up Cultural Centre

This 1861 built heritage-listed building was originally the Newcastle police holding cells for criminals awaiting trial, before it's closure in 1982. The gallery space now hosts exhibitions, events, workshops and creative talks throughout the year. Visitors to the site can view the original holding cells, including one padded cell, and exercise yards used to house prisoners. Read more about the Lock Up's history here.

The Bogey Hole 

The Bogey Hole is an open air ocean bath which was cut into ocean rocks in 1819 from convict labour for the personal use of Major Morisset. It is considered a feat of architecture given the conditions it would likely have been built under. The site is at the foot of a rocky cliff with minimal access points, and often sees large waves during wet and windy weather. Visitors can view the baths from a viewing platform at the foot of King Edward Park in the city centre. Read more about the Bogey Hole here.

Newcastle Court House 

In collaboration with local artist, Brett McMahon, the Newcastle Courthouse under went a massive transformation relocating from its east end location and reopening on Hunter Street in February 2016. At a cost of around $90 million the building has significantly altered the city scape and brought a modern look to the city's main traffic thoroughfare. Read more about the Newcastle Court House redevelopment here.

Newcastle University, city campus

Opened in July 2017, the University of Newcastle city campus (NeW Space) boasts a modern, sleek design with large glass windows overlooking the city and harbour, and state of the art learning facilities. The University of Newcastle plays an important part in the renewed sense of vibrancy in the Newcastle CBD and the Newcastle city campus is very much at the centre of the city's burgeoning arts scene. Read more about the University of Newcastle city campus here.